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[民國] 海西希《失去的文明》片段(英文)

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发表于 2017-3-27 03:23:25 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Walter Heissig, A Lost Civilization

p.57-9

It was not until 1924, when Outer Mongolia with the help of Soviet troops became the Mongolian People's Respublic, that the term Outer Mongolia lost its meaning.
The Kuomingtang government retained the term until 1945, when a referendum was held in Northern Mongolia, at which the Chinese were represented and which left no doubt that the Kalka Mongols preferred indenpendence from China within the Mongolian People's Republic. But the Chinese continued to refer to Southern Mongolia as Inner Mongolia. Its Mongol tribes remained under Chinese sovereignty, although in 1922, with the sole exception of the Mongols in the Ordos region, they had openly supported the Kalkas' declaration of independence. At that time Chinese troops had intervened to prevent the fusion of Outer and Inner Mongolia into one nation-state, and this situation continued until fairly recently. In 1945, when the Red Army together with cavalry and tanks of the Mongolian People's Republic advanced against the Japanese in Inner Mongolia and the Mongol areas of Manchuria and drove them out, the Mongols thought the time had come to unite the various parts of Mongolia. The troops from the Mongolian People's Respublic took a number of leading figures from Inner Mongolia back to the People's Republic for indoctrination, and the formation of a United Mongolia seemed imminent. But at the Yalta Conference the Great Powers decided otherwise. Chiang Kai-shek's acceptance of the status quo in Outer Mongolia, in other words China's recognition of the independence of the Mongolian People's Republic after a delay of some twenty-two years, dealt the final blow to Inner Mongolian hopes of joining it. Recognition of the situation obtaining in Mongolia in 1945 meant that inner Mongolia and the Mongol areas of Western Machuria were part of China. The soldiers of the Mongolian People's Republic, who had been hailed as liberators in Inner Mongolia, obeyed the order to withdraw behind their own frontier with unconcealed reluctance. The Soviet Union took the precaution of leaving some of its motorized units, which had advanced into Inner Mongolia with the Mongol units and had now withdrawn to the Mongolian People's Republic, on the borders of the North Mongolian State, in order to check any popular feeling on reunification. Some years passed before these guarantors of 'friendship' with China were withdrawn from the Mongolian People's Republic to the Soviet Union. For in the meantime Chiang Kai-shek and the National Kuomingtang government of China had moved to Formosa and China had become a People's Republic. Peopls enjoying the same form of government should have no differences! The two neighbouring People's Democracies concluded pacts of friendship and solidarity. The Mongols of Inner Mongolia remained a part of Red China with administrative autonomy, while the Kalka Mongols had their own State between the two Communist giants, Russia and China, so that China's claim to Inner Mongolia remained precisely as it had been under the Manchu dynasty.
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 楼主| 发表于 2017-3-29 01:34:15 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 yong321 于 2017-3-29 01:35 编辑

海西希(Walther Heissig,1913-2005),奥地利蒙古学家。该书原德文
Ein Volk sucht seine Geschichte: die Mongolen und die verlorenen Dokumente ihrer grossen Zeit, 1964
(直译:一个民族寻找它的历史)
有多种文字的翻译,包括这里从中摘录的英译本
A Lost Civilization; the Mongols Rediscovered, London 1966
(直译:失去的文明)
发此帖的原因是本书不见汉译本,而其中一些章节颇为有趣,在网上也不能搜到(可在Google Books https://books.google.com/books?id=rGBtAAAAMAAJ 读到几十个词)。贴英语而不翻译是为忠实原文,也是为保护论坛。但如果有不明白之处,请指出。
国学复兴 文化传承 兼容并包 百家争鸣
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